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哲學與人生

哲學系 傅佩榮

課程簡介

中文課程名稱:哲學與人生
英文課程名稱:Philosophy and Life
授課教師:傅佩榮
學分數:3學分
開課單位:哲學系
建立日期:2015 年 9 月

課程概述

本課程由哲學角度省思人生問題,試圖借助中西哲學家的見解,探討什麼叫做「人生」,以及人應該如何思考意義、選擇價值。首先由較具系統的西方哲學著手,介紹思想方法,主導原則,發展經緯,以及較有特色的哲學家(如蘇格拉底),與至今仍有影響力的學派(如存在主義)。其次,轉向中國哲學,說明其源流與特色,並針對儒家與道家,詳述其立說的主旨與合乎時宜的詮釋。最後則敞開視野,評論藝術、宗教、教育、文化,使全方位的人生得以展現,並輔之以哲學的省思。
This is a course that reflects on pertinent life issues from a philosophical perspective. Borrowing insightful views from Chinese and Western philosophers, the course not only explores the very concept of “life” itself, but also examines how Man should think about meaning in life and choose wisely among different values. The course starts off with an assessment of Western philosophy, which is known to be more systematic and methodical in presenting its ideas. We introduce basic forms of reasoning and guiding principles employed by Western philosophers, and survey the historical landscape of Western thinking, focusing primarily on philosophers who adopt a more unique outlook on life (eg. Socrates) and certain schools of thought that remain influential even till this day (eg. Existentialism). In the second part of the course, we turn our attention to Chinese philosophy. After studying the origin and main characteristics of Chinese thought, we provide a detailed explication of the key ideas and teachings in Confucian philosophy and Daoist philosophy, followed by a Confucian and Daoist interpretation of life issues that is in line with the times. For the final part of the course, we broaden our horizons and offer critical commentaries regarding life issues related to aesthetics, religion, education and culture, with the hope of outlining a holistic vision of life complemented by the method of philosophical introspection.

課程目標

正課提供學生思索及探討人生的方法及內容,使其得以界定個人合理的人生觀及價值觀。藉由每次的討論課,使學生明白如何以合宜的思考方式面對具體的人生挑戰。
This course aims to equip students with the content and methods required for thinking and reflecting philosophically about life. It also hopes to help students establish a personal outlook on life and values that is both reasonable and beneficial. Weekly tutorials are designed to facilitate students in tackling specific life problems by employing appropriate ways of thinking from a philosophical perspective.